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Ant 128A: Fox Field Guide (5)

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Ch. 3. Diagram 12 [Case 2]; p. 80. Cognatic (conjugal) family, neolocal.


Note that this is the same as diagram #1, but the u-shaped bracket has replaced the equal sign to indicate marriage, the inverted, u-shaped bracket indicates siblingship, and Fox has added a box (solid line) to show residency (most likely neolocal).

Ch. 3. Diagram 13 [Case 3]; p. 81. Patrilineal, patrilocal.


This is the same as diagram 6, but with several embellishments. Note first that Fox has shifted this diagram, as he did diagram 11, to a vertical format, probably to emphasize the patrilineality of the situation. The single vertical line linking the three generations passes straight up and down through males. Note that (in my rendering) the dashed box continues to represent the lineage (all men and women who trace a common ancestry through male links). We, like Fox, have added a solid box that shows, as per convention, the residential group. Comparing to Diagram 11, Fox also shifts to the equal sign to indicate the greater significance of marriage in this patrilineal case.

This is a case which shows dramatically how women commonly move in a patrilineal system. The daughters leave to join husbands elsewhere; wives are brought into the lineage (the curved arrows); both reside patri- or viri-locally. Note that unlike the matrilineal case (Diagram 11), lineage and residence do not correspond. That is to say, they do not create groups with completely overlapping membership. In the patrilineal case this does not matter so much because typically it is the males who count, politically speaking, and they are co-resident. Daughters either have no role in the lineage (e.g., Chinese case), or a limited role (Tallensi), so their loss to the co-resident group is not especially significant to it.