You are here: Home / People / Monique Borgerhoff Mulder / Katavi / Research in Katavi Rukwa Ecosystem

Research in Katavi Rukwa Ecosystem



We currently are working on the following  projects:

Tim Caro is monitoring large mammal populations in Katavi National Park

Monique Borgerhoff Mulder is studying the life histories, marriage and child survival of Pimbwe living in Mirumba village

With Emily Fitzherbert we are documenting the factors driving the recent expansion in lion killing by Sukuma young men, and possible mitigation strategies

With Peter Mgawe we are recording the history of Mpimbwe and the Pimbwe people through oral interviews, community workshops, and mapping and two recent books on the history of the Pimbwe

With Martin Andimile we are quantifying the extent of illegal hunting in and around the protected areas, and developing corridor programmes.

With Jacob Mwalyoyo and John Salerno we are looking at the dynamics of the Sukuma migration across Tanzania.

A relatively recent overview of our work can be found in Borgerhoff Mulder, Caro & Msago (2007).

slice of men_cut





sukuma pole_cut

In the past we have conducted the following collaborative projects (key publications can be found below)

Toby Gardner, Emily Fitzherbert, Tasila Banda, Mark Schwartz and Punit Lalbhai documented biodiversity inside and outside Katavi National Park

Chris O'Brien, Teresa Steele, and Amy Foutch have carried out pilot archaeological explanations in the village of Kibaoni .

Craig Hadley has analyzed factors affecting child health, nutrition, and maternal mental health (with Crystal Patil) across Kibaoni Ward.

Christopher Holmes examined the attitudes of the Pimbwe and Sukuma to living next to Katavi National Park, and their firewood use.

Brian Paciotti studied patterns of cooperation in the Sukuma Sungusungu organization

Peter Coppolillo evaluated the ecological implications of herding practices of Sukuma agropastoralists

Rebecca Lewison explored the factors affecting hippopotamus ecology


Here are some of our recent publications. If you want more details contact Tim Caro (tmcaro [at] or Monique Borgerhoff Mulder (mborgerhoffmulder [at]


Martin, A., Caro, T. and M. Borgerhoff Mulder (2012). Bushmeat consumption in western Tanzania: A comparative analysis from the same ecosystem. Tropical Conservation Science 5:352-364

Mgawe, P., Borgerhoff Mulder, M., Caro, T., Kiffner, C. and A. Martin (2012). Factors affecting bushmeat consumption in western Tanzania. Tropical Conservation Science 5:446-462

Borgerhoff Mulder, M. and B.A. Beheim (2011). Understanding the nature of wealth and its effects on human fitness. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 366:344-356.

Borgerhoff Mulder, M. 2009. Serial monogamy as polygyny or polyandry? Marriage in the Tanzanian Pimbwe. Human Nature 20:130-150.

Borgerhoff Mulder, M. 2009. Tradeoffs and sexual conflict over women's fertility preferences in Mpimbwe. American Journal of Human Biology 21: 478-487.

Foutch, A.E., T.E. Steel, and C. O’Brien 2009. Faunal analysis from Kibaoni, a late precolonial Pimbwe village in Rukwa Valley, Tanzania: First reconstructions of cultural and environmental histories. Azania 44: 257-267.

Caro, T.M. 2008. Decline of large mammals in the Katavi-Rukwa ecosystem of western Tanzania. African Zoology 43:99-116.

Borgerhoff Mulder, M., Caro, T. & A. O. Msago. 2007. The role of research in evaluating conservation strategies in Tanzania: the case of the Katav-Rukwa ecosystem. Consevation Biology 21: 647-658.

Gardner, T.A., T, Caro, E.B. Fitzherbert, T. Banda and P. Lalbhai. 2007.Conservation value of multiple-use areas in East Africa. Conservation Biology 21:1516-1525

Hadley, C.A., Borgerhoff Mulder, M. and E. Fitzherbert. 2007. Seasonal food insecurity and perceived social support in rural Tanzania. Public Health Nutrition 10: 544-551.

Lewison. R. 2007. Population responses to natural and human-mediated disturbances: assessing the vulnerability of the common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibious). African Journal of Ecology 45:407-415.

Paciotti, B., C. Hadley, C. Holmes, and M. Borgerhoff Mulder. 2005. Grassroots justice in Tanzania. American Scientist 93: 58-64.

Holmes, C.M. 2003. The influence of protected area outreach on conservation attitudes and resource use patterns: A case study from western Tanzania. Oryx 37:305-315

Caro, T.M. 1999. Densities of mammals in partially protected areas: the Katavi ecosystem of western Tanzania. Journal of Applied Ecology 36:205-217.